Pomeranian Dog Breed Information

Also known as the Pom or Pom Pom, the Pomeranian is named after Pomerania, a region in Central Europe. The Pomeranian is a toy breed, most commonly appearing with black, orange, and tan colors. Friendly, playful, and energetic, Pomeranians are loyal companions that are protective and love being around their owners. An intelligent breed, Pomeranians respond well to training and are well-suited for human companionship.Their natural charisma and desire to please their owners makes them one of the most popular breed of pet dogs in the United States.

The Pomeranian has its name from the region of Pomerania, an area of Germany and Poland and it is descendent of the German Spitz breed. The original Pomeranians were larger and were used as sheep herders. It became a popular breed in England in the 1800 year, when Queen Victoria adopted one. Its size has reduced and the fur grew more, it became a small puppy with a smiling foxy look, a real toy dog. The Pomeranian was first recognized by the AKC in 1888 and it was perceived as a watchdog, with agility and performing tricks.

The Pomeranian is a small, toy-sized dog with wedge-shaped head, almond-shaped dark eyes and tiny and raised ears, sharp pot and long tail carried on the back. The short muzzle is straight and fine. The color of the nose varies with coat color. The coat is longer around the neck and chest area. It can have a variety of coat colors and patterns including red, orange, white, cream, blue, brown, black, black and tan, wolf sable, brindle and white with different colors. It has a life expectancy of 15 years.

The Pomeranian has to be brushed on a regular basis. The cottony undercoat is shed once or twice per year. It is a constant shedder. It should be cleaned with dry shampoo when necessary. Clean the eyes and ears once a week and take it to the vet for regular dental checkups.


The Pom is an intelligent dog, is eager to learn and very loyal to its owner and family. It is a show dog whose docile and affectionate temperament is appreciated. It is playful and energetic with children and brave and vigilant with strangers, barking at them excessively. It can become aggressive if it is not correctly trained. It needs a firm and gentle trainer and it is good at learning tricks, but it should be taught to see its owner as boss to avoid becoming demanding. You should teach it when to bark and when to stop because it can become very loudly.  It is bold and temperamental and it can attack bigger dogs without being aware of its small size.  It needs to socialize and it can get along well with other pets. It is also a good watchdog and a good company for old people and for children.

Pomeranian needs a daily walk and play and it is good for apartment living. It is active indoor, but should be protected against hot weather.

Pomeranian is generally a healthy dog. It is prone to dislocated patella, slipped stifle, heart problems, eye infections, skin irritations and tooth decay. You should feed it with dry food or milk bones to help its teeth and gums to remain in a good condition.


Alert, Cheerful, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loyal, Out-Going, Playful, Social

Adult Weight :-                                                       4-7 lbs

Adult Height8: -                                                     11 inches

Life Expectancy                                                     12-16 yrs



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